Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title The transportation and environmental impacts of infill versus greenfield development : a comparative case study analysis /
Author Anderson, G.
CORP Author Hagler Bailly Services, Inc., St. Paul, MN. ;Criterion Planners/Engineers, Portland, OR.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.
Publisher United States Environmental Protection Agency, Urban and Economic Development Division,
Year Published 1999
Report Number 231-R-99-005; EPA 231-R-99-005
Stock Number PB2002-107145
OCLC Number 51218604
Subjects City planning--Environmental aspects ; Cities and towns--Growth--Environmental aspects ; Urban policy--Environmental aspects
Additional Subjects Transportation models ; Environmental impacts ; Urban areas ; Travel demand ; Travel costs ; Travel time ; Infrastructure ; Accessibility ; Traffic congestion ; Transportation planning ; Suburban areas ; Metropolitan areas ; Communities ; Case studies ; Emissions ; Brownfield development ; Infill ; San Diego(California) ; Montgomery County(Maryland) ; West Palm Beach(Florida)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 231-R-99-005 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
NTIS  PB2002-107145 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 20, xi pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
EPA modeled the transportation and environmental impacts of locating the same development on two sites--one infill, and one suburban edge/greenfield--and compared the results. This analysis was conducted in three regions: San Diego, California; Montgomery County, Maryland; and West Palm Beach, Florida. For each site pair, modeling predicted that the infill site would outperform the greenfield site in six important dimensions: average trip distance: generally shorter with the infill site; per capita vehicle miles traveled: generally fewer with the infill site; travel time: generally shorter with the infill site; public infrastructure and household travel costs: lower with the infill site; environmental impacts, including emissions: smaller with the infill site, and multi-modal orientation, and access to community amenities and transportation choices: greater at the infill site. These case studies suggest that identifying public benefits from infill does not require using a particular level of travel model sophistication. The transportation effects of even moderately sized alternative development patterns were not so subtle that one needs a highly sophisticated model to identify them.
"EPA publication number 231-R-99-005." "October 1, 1999."