Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title RACT enforceability aspects for pneumatic tire manufacturing /
Author Harvey, C. M. ; Paul, J. P. ; Spessard, J. E.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Paul, J. P.
Spessard, J. E.
Busik, John R.
King, Robert L.
CORP Author PEDCo-Environmental, Inc., Cincinnati, OH.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Div. of Stationary Source Enforcement.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of General Enforcement, Division of Stationary Source Enforcement,
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA 340/1-80-017; EPA-68-01-4147
Stock Number PB84-193622
OCLC Number 47004828
Subjects Tire industry--Environmental aspects ; Air quality management--Law and legislation--United States ; Tire industry--Law and legislation--United States
Additional Subjects Rubber industry ; Law enforcement ; Tires ; Treads ; Air pollution control ; Regulations ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Design criteria ; Performance evaluation ; Standards ; Organic compounds ; Mathematical models ; Reasonably available control technology ; Volatile organic compounds ; Air pollution abatement
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBD  EPA-340/1-80-017 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/01/2001
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 340-1-80-017 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 340-1-80-017 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 12/28/2001
ERAD  EPA 340/1-80-017 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/10/2013
NTIS  PB84-193622 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) ; 28 cm.
Pneumatic rubber tires or tread rubber is manufactured by 94 plants located in the United States and Puerto Rico. Reasonably available control technology (RACT) requirements for the pneumatic rubber tire and tread rubber manufacturers apply to 55 plants located in photochemical oxidant nonattainment areas. The major processing steps in tire manufacturing are rubber compounding, tread rubber production, cord production, bead production, tire building, and tire curing and finishing. The following processes cause volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from a typical pneumatic tire manufacturing plant: green tire spraying with organic-based solvents, undertread cementing, tire building, tread-end cementing, and bead dipping. Practical VOC control measures are carbon adsorption and use of water-based spray for green tire spraying. Hand application of cement for tread-end cementing may be an acceptable control provided emissions meet some arbitrary limit. No practical control measure has been found for the emissions from tire building. The potential enforcement problems appear to be determining the capture efficiency of the VOC collection device, determining compliance, applying the bubble concept, and meeting compliance schedules. This report provides an inventory of the pneumatic rubber tire and tread rubber manufacturing plants, an industry process description, a review of the RACT requirements, and an evaluation of the model regulations to identify enforceability problems.
EPA Project Officer: John R. Busik, Task Manager: Robert L. King. Prepared by PEDCo Environmental Inc. Contract Number: 68-01-4147 "January 1981." Includes bibliographical references. "EPA 340/1-80-017."