Record Display for the EPA National Library CatalogRECORD NUMBER: 16 OF 21
|Main Title||Persistence of chlorinated hydrocarbon contamination in a California marine ecosystem /|
|Author||Young, David R. ; Gossett, R. W. ; Heesen, T. C.|
|CORP Author||Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority, Long Beach. ;Dames and Moore, Los Angeles, CA. ;National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Rockville, MD.;Environmental Research Lab., Narragansett, RI.|
|Publisher||U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,|
|Report Number||EPA/600/D-89/252; EPA-R-803707, NA80RA-D-00040; ERLN-P11|
|Additional Subjects||Sediments ; DDT ; Chlorohydrocarbons ; Pesticides ; Aquatic animals ; Concentration(Composition) ; Tissues(Biology) ; Los Angeles(California) ; Polychlorinated biphenyls ; Ecosystems ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Sediment-water interfaces ; Water pollution sampling ; Biological accumulation|
|Collation||12 pages ; 28 cm|
Despite major reductions in the dominant DDT and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) input off Los Angeles (California, U.S.A.) in the early 1970s, the levels of these pollutants decreased only slightly from 1972 to 1975 both in surficial bottom sediments and in a flatfish bioindicator (Dover sole, Microstomus pacificus) collected near the submarine outfall. Concentrations of these pollutants in the soft tissues of the mussel Mytilus californianus, collected intertidally well inshore of the highly contaminated bottom sediments, followed much more closely the decreases in the outfall discharges. These observations suggest that contaminated sediments on the seafloor were the principal (although not necessarily direct) cause of the relatively high and persistent concentrations of DDT and PCB residues in tissues. The study indicated that residues of the higher-molecular-weight chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as DDT and PCB, can be highly persistent once released to coastal marine ecosystems and that their accumulation in surficial bottom sediments is the most likely cause of this persistence observed in the biota of the discharge zone.
"Oceanic Proceses in Marine Pollution, Vol. 5, Urban Wastes in Coastal Marine Environments, D.A. Wolfe and T.P. O'Conner (Eds), Chapter 3, pp. 33-41." "ERLN-P11." "PB90-129347." Includes bibliographical references. "Southern California Coastal Water Research Project Authority Long Beach." Microfiche.