Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Parameters Impacting the Emissions of Selected VOCs from the Toner for a Specific Photocopier.
Author Henschel, D. B. ; Fortmann, R. C. ; Roache, N. F. ; Liu, X. ;
CORP Author ARCADIS Geraghty and Miller, Inc., Research Triangle Park, NC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.
Publisher 2000
Year Published 2000
Report Number EPA-68-D4-0005; EPA/600/A-00/053;
Stock Number PB2000-108061
Additional Subjects Emissions ; Volatile organic compounds ; Photocopying ; Indoor air pollution ; Air pollution control ; Measurements ; Photocopier toner ; Stationary sources ; Thermal desorption apparatus
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2000-108061 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 24p
The paper gives results of the measurement of emission--using a laboratory thermal desorption apparatus--from a number of nominally identical photocopier toners (manufactured for use in a specific model copier) when the toners were heated to fuser temperature (180-200C). The objective was to determine if VOC emissions from a toner can be reduced by judiciously selecting the process and the raw polymer feedstock used in its manufacture. Tests were performed on toner and feedstock samples obtained directly from a toner manufacturer, systematically varying process and feedstock, and on toner cartridges from different lots (for which process and feedstock were unknown) purchased from local retailers. Results showed that the retailer toners consistently had up to 350% higher emissions of some major compounds, and up to 100% lower emissions of others, relative to the manufacturer toners (p<0.05), probably due to differences in process and/or feedstock.