Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Design and evaluation of a terrestrial model ecosystem for evaluation of substitute pesticide chemicals /
Author Metcalf, Robert L. ; Metcalf, Robert Lee ; Cole, Larry K. ; Wood, Susanne G. ; Mandel, Douglas J. ; Milbrath, Mary L.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Cole, Larry K.,
Wood, Susanne G.,
Mandel, Douglas J.,
Milbrath, Mary L.,
Metcalf, Robert L.
Metcalf, Robert Lee,
CORP Author Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory.
Publisher Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1979
Report Number EPA-600/3-79-004; R-80-3249; EPA-R-803249
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 04787555
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Pesticides--Toxicology ; Biological models
Additional Subjects Pesticides--Toxicology ; Biological models ; Mathematical models ; Ecosystems ; Isotopic labeling ; Soils ; Substitutes ; Cost analysis ; Chlorine organic compounds ; DDT ; Dieldrin ; Microorganisms ; Aldrin ; Phosphorus organic compounds ; Nitrogen organic compounds ; Concentration(Composition) ; Environmental chemical substitutes ; Dyfonate ; Path of pollutants ; Methoxychlor ; Benzene/nitro-pentachloro ; Pherol/pentachloro ; Captan ; T 2-4-5 herbicide ; Simazine ; Parathion ; Methyl parathion ; Benzene/hexachloro ; Phorate ; Trifluoralin
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  QH545.P4D48 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD  EPA 600/3-79-004 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/22/2006
EKBD  EPA-600/3-79-004 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 07/18/2003
EKCD  EPA-600/3-79-004 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 06/26/2018
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600/3-79-004 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023 DISPERSAL
EMBD  EPA/600/3-79/004 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 01/21/1994
ERAD  EPA 600/3-79-004 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/22/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-3-79-004 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
ESBD  EPA-600-3-79-004 CPHEA/PESD Library/Corvallis,OR 09/05/2017
NTIS  PB-293 167 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vi, 299 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
This grant was established to design a terrestrial model ecosystem that was simple, inexpensive, and suitable for examining the total environmental fate of radiolabeled pesticides in a soil crop model e.g. soil-corn or soil-soybean. This was accomplished with the practical development of a system in which corn or soybeans are grown on 3 kg of typical Illinois soil types contained in a 19 1 wide-mouth glass carboy fitted with airtight lid and impingers to sample pesticide content in aspirated air, and a bottom petcock to sample leachate water. The units are housed in an environmental growth chamber under 12 hours simulated daylight, at 26C. Emphasis was placed on tracing the fate of the pesticide chemical and its degradation products in soil, air, water, phytoplankton and in the major food chain organisms of the model ecosystems, e.g. Zea mays, Glycine max, Lumbricus terrestris, Limax maximus, Armadillidium vulgare, Estigmene acrea, and Microtus ochregaster in the soil-plant phase; and Daphnia magna, Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus, Physa spp., and Gambusia affinis in the leachate water. The 14C-labeled pesticides examined included DDT, methoxychlor, aldrin, dieldrin, fonofos, phorate, parathion, methyl parathion, simazine, trifluralin, 2,4,5-T isooctyl ester, hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorophenol, pentachloronitrobenzene, and captan. Detailed summaries of their fate and degradation, based on more than 20,000 analyses, are presented.
Final report. "January 1979." Includes bibliographical references.