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Main Title The removal of metals and viruses in advanced wastewater treatment sequences /
Author Esmond, Steven E., ; Petrasek, Jr., Albert C. ; Wolf, Harold W. ; Andrews, D. Craig
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Esmond, Steven E.
CORP Author Texas A and M Univ., College Station.;Municipal Environmental Research Lab., Cincinnati, OH. Wastewater Research Div.
Publisher Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service.
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-600/2-80-149; EPA-S-801026; PB81142630
Stock Number PB81-142630
OCLC Number 06964941
Subjects Sewage--Purification ; Metals ; Viruses
Additional Subjects Metals ; Viruses ; Sewage treatment ; Water reclamation ; Potable water ; Texas ; Equipment ; Design criteria ; Performance evaluation ; Coagulation ; Calcium oxides ; Alums ; Pilot plants ; Disinfection ; Heavy metals ; Water quality ; Tertiary treatment ; Dallas(Texas)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  TD755.M38 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-80-149 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 09/24/2013
EJBD  EPA 600-2-80-149 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/01/2016
ELBD  EPA 600-2-80-149 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 02/14/2003
ERAD  EPA 600/2-80-149 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 10/09/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-80-149 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB81-142630 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xx, 239 pages : illustrations, charts ; 28 cm.
An extensive study of metals and virus removals by advanced wastewater treatment processes was conducted in Dallas, Texas from June 1972 through December 1973. Processes applied to a biologically nitrified effluent included chemical coagulation with alum and/or lime, high-pH lime treatment with and without recarbonation, filtration through multi- and dual-media filters, and carbon adsorption. The high-pH lime treatment with recarbonation provided a most effective treatment for both metals removals and disinfection. Boron surfaced as a material that may require other means of control. Although high-pH lime treatment was indicated to be extremely effective for virus removal (or inactivation), metals removal were not of the same order of magnitude. Thus, efforts to control metals at points of discharge are strongly supported. The removal of some metals by biological processes appeared to be influenced by their concentration. Median values were observed to be more indicative of the plant processes than mean values. Coliphages were observed to provide essentially the same virus removals values as polioviruses. The suggestion is made that all wastes should be subject to biological treatment, and if such treatment is found ineffective, then other means of control are warranted.
"Texas A & M University." "August 1980." "Grant no. S-801026."