Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Replacement of hazardous material in wide web flexographic printing process /
Author Kranz, Paul B. ; Williamson, T. R. ; Randall, P. M.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Williamson, Thomas R.
Randall, Paul M.
CORP Author Erie County Dept. of Environment and Planning, Buffalo, NY.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
Publisher Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA/600/R-93/149; EPA-R-816762
Stock Number PB93-229128
Subjects Printing ink--Environmental aspects. ; Flexography--Environmental aspects.
Additional Subjects Hazardous materials ; Pollution abatement ; Printing ; Solvents ; Inks ; Scrap ; Emissions ; Economic analysis ; Substitutes ; Volatile organic compounds ; Waste reduction
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB93-229128 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 78 pages ; 28 cm
The report describes the technical and economic evaluation of the substitution of nonhazardous materials for the manufacture of flexible packaging in a wide web flexographic printing process. The objective of the study was to evaluate, on a technical and economic basis, the impact of the substitution of water-based inks for solvent-based inks in a flexographic printing process. The ink substitution resulted in a reduction in the emissions generated from the printing process. For each percent increase in water-based ink utilization, a reduction in VOC emissions of 14 pounds was calculated. This was based on a usage rate of about 2250 pounds of ink per week which caused a VOC emission of about 1570 pounds. The substitution, typically, did not adversely affect product quality or nonhazardous scrap waste generation. An average reduction of 95% of liquid F003 waste from waste ink and cleaning solvents was recorded during the study period, but was ascertained to be due to operational practice changes. Additional benefits resulting from the reduction of VOC emissions and liquid hazardous waste have been an improved working environment from reduced indoor air pollutants, reduced handling of hazardous solvents by employees, and the appreciation by company employees of the need to make a conscious effort to further reduce waste generation.