Of a number of ways in which solving water resource problems can be studied, one is to develop a general model of community problem solving. A proposed model includes a variety of community problems. The model, based largely on the excercise of social power, includes four sets of variables: (1) community structural variables, (2) characteristics of the leadership pool, (3) community problem dimensions, and (4) patterns of community action. Among community leaders interviewed in six different communities, water-related problems were characterized by low salience and by low censensus. These leaders usually see water-related problems as requiring a relatively low level of community coordination and as primarily the responsibility of the public sector.