Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Assessment of Hazardous Waste Practices in the Petroleum Refining Industry.
Author Rosenberg, D. G. ; Lofy, R. J. ; Cruse, H. ; Weisberg, E. ; Beutler., B. ;
CORP Author Jacobs Engineering Co., Pasadena, Calif.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Solid Waste Management Programs.
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA-68-01-2288; EPA/SW-129c;
Stock Number PB-259 097
Additional Subjects Petroleum refining ; Chemical industry ; Hazardous wastes ; Solid waste disposal ; Water pollution control ; Cost estimates ; Industrial waste treatment ; Trends ; Economic growth ; Earth fills ; Sludge disposal ; Injection wells ; Lagoons(Ponds) ; Incinerators ; Assessments ; Forecasting ; Petrochemical industry ; Liquid waste disposal ; Ocean waste disposal ; Oil wastes
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-259 097 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 369p
The report is a comprehensive review of hazardous waste generation and management practices within the petroleum refining industry. Nearly 625,000 metric tons (dry weight) of wastes were generated in 1974 by 247 refineries with a processing capacity of 14.2 million barrels per day. Waste streams emanating from individual refining process sources are characterized and described in detail. Following site visits and waste stream sampling at a representative group of sixteen refineries, a laboratory program of chemical analysis was carried out to identify potentially hazardous constituents of refinery wastes. Concentration levels of these constituents were measured, and hazardous wastes defined as those with any constituent with a concentration exceeding the average level in the natural soil environment. Oil is the principal hazardous substance in refinery wastes, representing approximately 110,000 metric tons per year. Metal constituents amount to 250 metric tons, fluoride to 812 metric tons, and phenol, cyanide, and benz-A-pyrene collectively to 6 metric tons. More than half of refinery wastes are removed by private contractors to ultimate disposal in offsite landfills or lagoons, however projections indicate a dramatic shift toward onsite disposal, particularly by landspreading and landfilling. Also anticipated is considerable waste reduction resulting from increased recycling, material reclamation, and product recovery. Some of the specific topics covered include: Characterization of the petroleum refining industry; The analytical program--(Criteria for identification of potentially hazardous wastes, Analytical methods and quality control procedures); Waste characterization; Treatment and disposal technologies; and Treatment and disposal costs.