BIOTECHNOLOGY IN CROP PROTECTION: TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE INSECT CONTROL -- BACTERIA AS BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS FOR INSECTS: ECONOMICS, ENGINEERING, AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY -- BENEFITS AND RISKS OF USING FUNGAL TOXINS IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL -- BIOCONTROL OF WEEDS WITH ALLELOPATHY: CONVENTIONAL AND TRANSGENIC APPROACHES -- SELECTING, MONITORING, AND ENHANCING THE PERFORMANCE OF BACTERIAL BIOCONTROL AGENTS: PRINCIPLES, PITFALLS, AND PROGRESS -- EXPLOITING THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN FUNGAL ANTAGONISTS, PATHOGENS AND THE PLANT FOR BIOCONTROL -- THE MECHANISMS AND APPLICATIONS OF SYMBIOTIC OPPORTUNISTIC PLANT SYMBIONTS -- USING STRAINS OF FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM TO CONTROL FUSARIUM WILTS: DREAM OR REALITY? -- METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE AS A MODEL FOR STUDYING BIOINSECTICIDAL HOST PATHOGEN INTERACTIONS -- SCLEROTINIA MINOR-BIOCONTROL TARGET OR AGENT? -- FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM F. SP. STRIGA, ATHLETES FOOT OR ACHILLES HEEL? -- CONTROL OF SCLEROTIAL PATHOGENS WITH THE MYCOPARASITE CONIOTHYRIUM MINITANS -- BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS AND THE POTENTIAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGICAL CONTROLS FOR VERTEBRATE PEST SPECIES -- GENETICALLY ENHANCING THE EFFICACY OF PLANT PATHOGENS FOR CONTROL OF WEEDS -- INTERACTIONS OF SYNTHETIC HERBICIDES WITH PLANT DISEASE AND MICROBIAL HERBICIDES -- APPROACHES TO AND SUCCESSES IN DEVELOPING TRANSGENICALLY ENHANCED MYCOHERBICIDES -- FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS: FUNCTIONAL RECONSTITUTION OF PORTIONS OF THE PROTEOME IN INSECT CELL-LINES -- TAC-TICS: TRANSPOSON-BASED BIOLOGICAL PEST MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS -- FAILSAFE MECHANISMS FOR PREVENTING GENE FLOW AND ORGANISM DISPERSAL OF ENHANCED MICROBIAL BIOCONTROL AGENTS -- EPILOGUE: GETTING FROM HERE TO ETERNITY. The intent of the NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) entitled "Novel Biotechnologies for Biocontrol Agent Enhancement and Management" was to permit the meeting of the major exponents in the scienti?c community working with enhancing different biological control agents (fungi, bacteria, virus, nematodes, and insects) on different targets (pathogens, insects, weeds, and rodents). This multidisciplinary group, having backgrounds in the diff- ent aspects of biotechnologies (transgenic enhancement, molecular biology, formulation, genetics, risk assessment, new technology, biochemistry, and physiology), presented highly advanced lectures during the 10-day-ASI, in order to allow students to improve their capability to enhance and manage - ological control agents. This approach will allow ASI attendees to bring new ideas, new approaches, or new methodologies coming from different ?elds of application to their own ?eld of expertise. A further aim of the NATO ASI was to create a network of young and experienced scientists, with few geographical barriers among countries, who will develop new opportunities to collaborate in this ?eld of science that requires a "global" collaborative approach. Forty students from twenty countries took part to the NATO ASI. In addition to the 45 lectures from the 15 lecturers, there were 25 short presentations and 8 posters on cogent research from students in this course, held between September 8- 2006 and September 19, 2006.