Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Ground Water Transport of Hydrophobic Organic Compounds in the Presence of Dissolved Organic Matter.
Author Kan, A. T. ; Tomson., M. B. ;
CORP Author National Center for Ground Water Research, Norman, OK.;Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Lab., Ada, OK.
Publisher c1990
Year Published 1990
Report Number EPA-R-812808; EPA/600/J-90/101;
Stock Number PB90-245291
Additional Subjects Organic compounds ; Ground water ; Water pollution ; Naphthalene ; Aquifers ; Solubility ; Water chemistry ; Sediments ; Sorption ; pH ; Phenanthrene ; DDT ; Soil surveys ; Surfactants ; Pesticides ; Mathematical models ; Experimental design ; Reprints ; Organic matter ; Environmental transport ; Cleanup operations ; Dissolved solids ; Path of pollutants ; Humus ; Sediment-water interfaces
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB90-245291 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 13p
The effects of dissolved organic matter (DOM) on the transport of hydrophobic organic compounds in soil columns were investigated. Three compounds (naphthalene, phenanthrene and DDT) that spanned three orders of magnitude in water solubility were used. Instead of humic matter, molecularly well-defined DOM represented by Triton X-100, a nonionic industrial detergent, and bovine serum albumin protein were used. In batch isotherm studies, the sorption of naphthalene to both model DOMs appeared to be hydrophobic in nature and quantitatively similar to the binding to humic materials. Equations were derived to model the enhanced transport of organic compounds by DOM based on octanol/water partition coefficients, K(sub ow). For a specific soil and DOM level, it was shown theoretically and experimentally that all organic compounds with K(sub ow) values above a specific value should move at the same rate in ground water. In some situations, DOM can increase the movement of highly hydrophobic compounds, such as DDT, by a factor of a thousand or more. This enhanced transport in the presence of DOM can either be a problem, as with ground water contaminant spreading, or a benefit, as with contaminated aquifer cleanup. (Copyright (c) 1990 SETAC.)