Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Visual Effects Accompanying TEPP-Induced Miosis.
Author Upholt, William M. ; Quinby, Griffith E. ; Batchelor, Gordon S. ; Thompson., James P. ;
CORP Author Communicable Disease Center, Atlanta, Ga.
Year Published 1956
Stock Number PB-276 878
Additional Subjects Pesticides ; Hazardous materials ; Industrial medicine ; Visual defects ; Experimental data ; Physiological effects ; Tables(Data) ; Phosphorus organic compounds ; Dosage ; Humans ; Pilots(Personnel) ; Air pollution effects(Humans) ; Reprints ; Pyrophosphoric acid/(tetraethyl-ester) ; Environmental health ; Toxic substances ; Occupational safety and health
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-276 878 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 7p
Pilots and others have long recognized the miosis which is frequently a consequence of applying tetraethylpyrophosphate (TEPP) dust by aircraft. Accompanying the miosis, operating pilots have regularly noted a decrease in light perception and have more rarely experienced an inability to judge distance. Two drops of 0.05% TEPP instilled into each eye of volunteers produced slight miosis and a slight increase of near accommodation. Two drops of 0.1% TEPP instilled into each eye of volunteers produced maximal miosis, an increase in near and far accommodation, and a decrease in light perception but no inability to judge distance. Two drops of 0.1% TEPP in only one eye of each of seven volunteers produced unilateral miosis and other expected changes in the treated eye but also caused all the volunteers to complain of difficulty in vision; four of the volunteers complained specifically of difficulty in judging distance, and six of them made sensorimotor errors of fumbling, stumbling, or other clumsiness.