Federal activities can close without resort to reduction-in-force (RIF) procedures and avoid the costs and personnel turbulence attendant to a RIF. Phaseout, rather than precipitous closing, can also avoid loss of property and diminution of respect for the national government. This report documents in detail the steps taken by the managers of one Federal activity that conducted a gradual phaseout. Emphasis is placed on personnel outplacement, the bolstering of state programs to carry on the Federal work that is ending, retirement of program records and technical information, fulfillment of regulatory requirements, disposition and security of property, and assurance of fiscal accountability. Discussions are illustrated with specimens of documents that can be adapted for use by other activities that close.