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Main Title Organochlorine Contaminates of Wintering Ducks Foraging on Detroit River Sediments
Author Smith, V. E. ; Spurr, J. M. ; Filkins, J. C. ; Jones, J. J. ;
CORP Author U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, Grosse Ile, MI. Large Lakes Research Station. ; Cranbrook Inst. of Science, Bloomfield Hills, MI. ; Maine Univ. at Orono.
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA/905/R-84/117; EPA/600/J-85/419;
Stock Number PB86-208675
Additional Subjects Chlorine organic compounds ; Ducks ; Water pollution ; Detroit River ; Sediments ; Bioassay ; Concentration(Composition) ; Benzene ; Worms ; Carp ; Biphenyl ; Sampling ; Tables(Data) ; Reprints ; Biphenyl/chloro ; Polychlorinated biphenyls
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB86-208675 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 35 p.
Organochlorine analysis was performed on carcasses of 13 diving ducks from a 1981 wintering population that foraged on contaminated sediments in the lower Detroit River. Mean total PCB concentrations were 10 mg/kg for seven lesser scaups (Aythya affinis), 11 mg/kg for three greater scaups (A. marila), and 7.6 mg/kg for three goldeneyes (Bucephala clangula). Highest mean levels of other residues were measured for hexachlorobenzene (1.7 mg/kg) in goldeneyes, and transnonachlor (0.33 mg/kg) and 4,4'-DDE (1.3 mg/kg) in greater scaup. Quantitative analysis of 72 PCB congeners also was applied to water, seston, sediment, benthic oligochaetes, and carp from the same site. Results of a multivariate analysis indicated that ratios of more conservative to less conservative PCBs did not vary significantly among ducks (alpha = .05), but differed from those in carp, oligochaetes, and sediment.