Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Kaneohe Bay Sewage Diversion Experiment: Perspectives on Ecosystem Responses to Nutritional Perturbation.
Author Smith, S. V. ; Kimmerer, W. J. ; Laws, E. A. ; Brock, R. L. ; Walsh, T. W. ;
CORP Author Hawaii Inst. of Marine Biology, Honolulu.;Environmental Research Lab., Narragansett, RI.
Year Published 1981
Report Number EPA-600/J-81-621 ; ERLIN-X43
Stock Number PB83-196840
Additional Subjects Plankton ; Ecology ; Sewage disposal ; Kaneohe Bay ; Diverting ; Primary biological productivity ; Nitrogen ; Phosphorus ; Biomass ; Nutrients ; Benthos ; Photographs ; Hawaii ; Reprints ; Ocean waste disposal ; Organic loading ; Ecosystems
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB83-196840 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 125p
Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, received increasing amounts of sewage from the 1950s through 1977. Most sewage was diverted from the bay in 1977 and early 1978. This investigation, begun in January 1976 and continued through August 1979, described the bay over that period, with particular reference to the responses of the ecosystem to sewage diversion. The sewage was a nutritional subsidy. All of the inorganic nitrogen and most of the inorganic phosphorus introduced into the ecosystem were taken up biologically before being advected from the bay. The major uptake was by phytoplankton, and the internal water-column cycle between dissolved nutrients, phytoplankton, zooplankton, microheterotrophs, and detritus supported a rate of productivity far exceeding the rate of nutrient loading. These water-column particles were partly washed out of the ecosystem and partly sedimented and became available to the benthos. The primary benthic response to nutrient loading was a large buildup of detritivorous heterotrophic biomass. (Copyright (c) 1981, by The University Press of Hawaii.)