Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Pilot plant study of conversion of coal to low sulfur fuel /
Author Fleming, Donald K. ; Smith., Robert D.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Smith, Robert D.,
CORP Author Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, Ill.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA-600/2-77-206
Stock Number PB-274 113
OCLC Number 03655195
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Fluidization. ; Coal liquefaction. ; Desulfurization.
Additional Subjects United States.--Environmental Protection Agency.--Environmental protection technology series--EPA-600/2-77-206. ; Fluidized bed processing ; Coal ; Desulfurization ; Pilot plants ; Combustion products ; Industrial wastes ; Process charting ; Performance evaluation ; Design criteria ; Calcium oxides ; Sulfur ; Tables(Data) ; Equipment ; Coal preparation ; Batch reactors ; IGT process ; Low sulfur fuels ; Air pollution abatement
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJAD  EPA 600/2-77-206 Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA 06/02/2000 DISPERSAL
EKBD  EPA-600/2-77-206 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/27/2003
ERAD  EPA 600/2-77-206 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/24/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-77-206 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-274 113 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation xii, 141 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of a program to develop, on bench and pilot scales, operating conditions for the key step in the IGT process to desulfurize coal by thermal and chemical treatment. This process, to date, uses the 'sulfur-getter' concept. (A sulfur-getter is a material that has a greater chemical affinity for sulfur than coal has.) Lime was the sulfur-getter for this program. In Phase I, a coal/lime mixture was experimentally treated at atmospheric pressure with a reducing gas in a heated, fluidized bed reactor, which could treat up to 200 lb/hr of mixture to 1200 F. The coal was Illinois No. 6, containing about 3% sulfur. Initial work resulted in the discovery that less sulfur was removed than expected. Two factors were believed responsible: the coal heat-up rate in the fluidized bed was nearly instantaneous, which appeared to cause organic sulfur fixation; and the coal showed signs of weathering (therefore, the total sulfur content was not readily available for hydrogen treatment). Phase II redirected the program to the operation of smaller scale units featuring: controlled heat-up rates, an increased number of tests over a broader range of conditions (with savings in time and manpower), and coal samples from several U.S. mines. A coal/lime mixture was treated with hydrogen, in batch reactors, to 1500 F. Tests indicated that lime treatment does not capture all sulfur released from the coal.
Contract 68-02-1366, ROAP 21AFJ-040, Program element 1AB013, sponsored by Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory. Issued Oct. 1977. Includes bibliographical references (p. 141).