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Main Title Environmental assessment of coal- and oil-firing in a controlled industrial boiler /
Author Leavitt, C. ; Arledge, K. ; Shih, C. ; Orsini, R. ; Hammersma, W. ; Hamersma, W.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Leavitt, C.
CORP Author Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Energy, Minerals, and Industry, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA 600/7-78-164a-c; EPA-600/7-78-164b; EPA-68-02-2613
Stock Number PB-289 942
OCLC Number 05040246
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Boilers--Fuel--Environmental aspects ; Petroleum as fuel--Environmental aspects ; Combustion--Environmental aspects
Additional Subjects Environmental surveys ; Boilers ; Assessments ; Comparison ; Water pollution control ; Air pollution control ; Coal ; Fuel oil ; Economics ; Particles ; Nitrogen oxides ; Carbon monoxide ; Concentration(Composition) ; Sampling ; Sulfates ; Trace elements ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Solid wastes ; Chemical analysis
Internet Access
Description Access URL
EPA 600-7-78-164a
EPA 600-7-78-164b
EPA 600-7-78-164c
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EKBD  EPA-600/7-78-164a,c Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 12/12/2003
ERAD  EPA 600/7-78-164a-c Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 02/11/2013
ESAD  EPA 600-7-78-164a Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 05/23/2011
ESAD  EPA 600-7-78-164b Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 05/23/2011
ESAD  EPA 600-7-78-164c Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 01/24/2017
NTIS  PB-289 941 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
NTIS  PB-289 942 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of a comparative multimedia assessment of coal versus oil firing in a controlled industrial boiler. Relative environmental, energy, economic, and societal impacts were identified. Comprehensive sampling and analyses of gaseous, liquid, and solid emissions from the boiler and its control equipment were conducted to identify criteria pollutants and other species. Major conclusions include: (1) While the quantity of particulates from oil firing is considerably less than from coal firing, the particles are generally smaller and more difficult to remove, and the concentration of particulates in the treated flue gas from oil firing exceeded that from coal firing. (2) NOx and CO emissions during coal firing were about triple those during oil firing. (3) Sulfate emissions from the boiler during coal firing were about triple those during oil firing; however, at the outlet of the control equipment, sulfate concentrations were essentially identical. (4) Most trace element emissions (except vanadium, cadmium, lead, cobalt, nickel, and copper) were higher during coal firing. (5) Oil firing produces cadmium burdens in vegetation approaching levels which are injurious to man; coal firing may produce molybdenum levels which are injurious to cattle. (6) The assessment generally supports the national energy plan for increased use of coal by projecting that the environmental insult from controlled coal firing is not significantly different from that from oil firing.
Contract no. 68-02-2613, task no. 8, program element no EHE624A. Aug. 1978. Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Notes
v. 1. Executive summary.--v. 2. Comparative assessment.