Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Waste and Water Management for Conventional Coal Combustion Assessment Report--1979. Volume IV. Utilization of FGC Wastes.
Author Santhanam, C. J. ; Lunt, R. R. ; Cooper, C. B. ; Klimschmidt, D. E. ; Bodek, I. ;
CORP Author Little (Arthur D.), Inc., Cambridge, MA.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA-68-02-2654; EPA/600/7-80-012D;
Stock Number PB80-184765
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Solid waste disposal ; Air pollution control ; Coal ; Industrial wastes ; Combustion products ; Flue gases ; Management planning ; Fly ash ; Boilers ; Bottom ash ; Utilization ; Cement ; Concrete ; Electric power plants ; Flue gas desulfurization ; Waste processing
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB80-184765 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 115p
The report, the fourth of five volumes, focuses on utilization of coal ash and FGD wastes. With increasing utilization of coal, generation of these wastes is expected to grow, but at a slower rate than generation, thus increasing the volume of wastes sent to disposal. Many uses for coal ash have been developed in three categories: as fill material; in the manufacture of cement, concrete, and pavements; and in miscellaneous uses such as ice control and blasting grit. In 1977, about 21% of the 61.6 million tons of coal ash generated was utilized. Current R and D projects on ash focus on understanding existing uses and developing new uses including mineral recovery. FGD wastes are not presently used in the U.S. Potential FGD utilization options may include use as gypsum substitutes, as fillers and soil conditioners, in cement and concrete manufacture, and construction of artificial reefs. Technical, environmental, and institutional barriers (the last being the most important) constrain utilization. Data gaps remain in quality requirements for using coal ash and FGD wastes in specific applications and understanding the institutional constraints to utilization.