to Science and Instruments -- to MODIS and an Overview of Associated Activities -- MODIS Level-1B Products -- MODIS Geolocation -- to MODIS Cloud Products -- MODIS Observation of Aerosol Loading from 2000 to 2004 -- MODIS Land Products and Data Processing -- Operational Atmospheric Correction of MODIS Visible to Middle Infrared Land Surface Data in the Case of an Infinite Lambertian Target -- MODIS Snow and Sea Ice Products -- The NPOESS Preparatory Project -- The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite -- Conically Scanned Microwave Imager Sounder -- Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder -- to AIRS and CrIS -- The Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite -- Estimating Solar UV-B Irradiance at the Earth's Surface Using Multi-Satellite Remote Sensing Measurements -- Surface Rain Rates from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Satellite Algorithms -- Use of Satellite Remote Sensing Data for Modeling Carbon Emissions from Fires: A Perspective in North America -- TRMM Fire Algorithm, Product and Applications -- China's Current and Future Meteorological Satellite Systems. Satellite remote sensing for Earth science data has been rapidly expanding during the last decade. Volume 1 of this two volume monograph covers missions/sensors, such as Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS), Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS), Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), and Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU). It also discusses the NPOESS and NPP missions. Emphasis was placed on the recently launched Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board of both Terra and Aqua. Some key MODIS science team members were invited to contribute several chapters. The core of this monograph arose from the workshop for Earth Science Satellite Remote Sensing held at George Mason University (GMU) in October 2002. Both volumes are designed to give scientists and graduate students with limited remote sensing background a thorough introduction to current and future NASA, NOAA and other Earth science remote sensing missions.