Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Molecular Oxygen and the Adsorption of Phenols: Effect of Functional Groups.
Author Vidic, R. D. ; Suidan, M. T. ; Sorial, G. A. ; Brenner, R. C. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab. ;Pittsburgh Univ., PA. ;Cincinnati Univ., OH. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
Publisher Apr 93
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA/600/J-93/447;
Stock Number PB94-113776
Additional Subjects Water pollution control ; Granular activated carbon treatment ; Adsorption ; Oxygenation ; Phenols ; Surface chemistry ; Polymerization ; Nitro compounds ; Performance evaluation ; Adsorbents ; Reprints ; Chemical reaction mechanisms
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB94-113776 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 10p
As a result of more stringent effluent and water quality standards established by both the Federal and state governments, activated carbon adsorption emerged as one of the best available technologies for achieving compliance with these new regulations. This study reveals that the presence of molecular oxygen (oxic conditions) has a significant impact on the exhibited adsorptive capacity of granular activated carbon (GAC) for several phenolic compounds. The increase in the GAC adsorptive capacity under oxic conditions results from polymerization of these adsorbates on the carbon surface. The mechanism of polymer formation is through oxidative coupling of phenolic molecules. The extent of an increase in the GAC adsorptive capacity is in accordance with the ease of oxidation of these compounds. However, substituting a nitro group on the parent phenol molecule suppressed polymerization reactions and no increase in the GAC adsorptive capacity was observed under oxic conditions for these substituents.