Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Renovation of secondary effluent for reuse as a water resource /
Author Kardos, Louis T., ; Sopper, William E. ; Myers, Earl A. ; Parizek, Richard R. ; Nesbitt., John B.
CORP Author Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Dept. of Agronomy.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
Publisher Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA-660/2-74-016; EPA-16080-DYJ; W74-10197
Stock Number PB-234 176
OCLC Number 01083018
Subjects Water reuse ; Sewage irrigation
Additional Subjects Waste water reuse ; Sprinkler irrigation ; Water supply ; Water pollution control ; Plant growth ; Farm crops ; Trees(Plants) ; Phosphorous inorganic compounds ; Inorganic nitrates ; Sewage disposal ; Soil water ; Nutrients ; Fluid filters ; Ground water recharge ; Water wells ; Lycimeters ; Pennsylvania ; Sewage irrigation
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 660-2-74-016 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/07/2015
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-2-74-016 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
EMBD  EPA/660/2-74/016 NRMRL/GWERD Library/Ada,OK 02/17/1995
ERAD  EPA 660/2-74-016 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 03/18/2013
NTIS  PB-234 176 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xxviii, 495 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm
Sprinkler application of chlorinated secondary sewage effluent at levels of 1 or 2 in/wk during the growing season or year-round increased crop yields and forest tree growth except for red pine at the 2 in/wk rate. Harvested crops removed large amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus, the two key eutrophication nutrients. N and P content of forest foliage was increased but the nutrients were recycled through the litter. Only one deep monitoring well showed higher NO3 and Cl(-) concentration definitely ascribable to the effluent irrigation but still met U.S.P.H.S. drinking water standards. Recharge within one 43.5 acre site was estimated at 65 million gallons per year and resulted in lower pumping costs in two nearby University water supply wells. Data are also reported on hydrologic studies, boron studies, aeration studies, phosphorus adsorption studies and soil chemical changes.
Report prepared by The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, Departments of Agronomy, Forest Science, Agricultural Engineering, Geological Science, and Civil Engineering. "Project 16080 DYJ (formerly WPD 95-04); program element 1BB045." Includes bibliographical references (pages 417-429).