||Cadmium in Blood and Urine among Smokers and Non-Smokers with High Cadmium Intake via Food.
Sharma, R. P. ;
Kjellstroem, T. ;
McKenzie, J. M. ;
||Otago Univ., Dunedin (New Zealand). ;Auckland Univ. (New Zealand). Dept. of Community Health.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Blood chemical analysis ;
Food consumption ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
In New Zealand a species of oyster (Ostrea lutaria) consumed widely contains on an average 5 micro g Cd/g wet weight. In this study the cadmium intake and blood and urinary cadmium levels in a group of 78 people with a known high oyster consumption has been investigated. A second group of 17 non-smoking men and women who did not eat oysters were used as a control group. Each subject was interviewed and information on smoking habits, diet, medical and occupational history was obtained. The results show that in spite of a very high intake of cadmium via oysters the concentration of the toxic metal in whole blood and urine was not elevated greatly in proportion to the intake. It is clearly demonstrated that cigarette smoking had a more pronounced and significant effect on whole blood cadmium levels than the intake of cadmium via oysters. (Copyright (c) 1983 Elsevier Scientific Publishers Ireland Ltd.)