Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title The use and fate of laubricants, oils, greases, and hydraulic fluids in the iron and steel industry /
Author Serne, J. C., ; Wilson., K.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Wilson, K.,
CORP Author Pacific Environmental Services, Inc., Santa Monica, Calif.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, N.C.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Industrial Enviromnental Research Laboratory ; National Technical Information Service [distributor],
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA/600-2-78-101; EPA-68-02-1405
Stock Number PB-284 973
OCLC Number 08272090
Subjects Oils and fats--Environmental aspects--United States ; Lubrication and lubricants--Environmental aspects--United States ; Steel industry and trade--Environmental aspects--United States
Additional Subjects Lubricants ; Greases ; Lubricating oils ; Hydraulic fluids ; Iron and steel industry ; Air pollution ; Water pollution ; Solid wastes ; Industrial plants ; Sludges ; Material balance ; Path of pollutants
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Local Library Info
Library Local Subject Local Note
EJB Photocopy of NTIS edition.
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  TD196.L83S47 1978 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD  EPA 600-2-78-101 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 03/26/2014
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-101 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-101 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-284 973 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report gives results of an investigation of the use and fate of lubricants, oils, greases, and hydraulic fluids in the iron and steel industry. Data from nine integrated steel plants and two consultants with extensive steel industry experience were used to: develop correlations between lubricant usage rates and steel production capacity, and the types of products made; and prepare total oil, grease, and hydraulic fluid material balances for specific, as well as typical, integrated steel plants. Generalizations were made regarding the fate (as air, water, and solid waste pollution) of these oils, greases, and hydraulic fluids. Air pollution emissions, total oil-and-grease water pollution discharges, and the quantity of oil and grease being disposed of in landfills were estimated by steelmaking area and for a typical integrated steel plant. Introductory and background information pertaining to the steel industry, lubrication practices, steel plant lubricants, and waste oil collection and reclamation methods are also presented. Study results indicate that, for a typical integrated steel plant with a raw steel production capacity of 4 million ton/yr, 1.2 million lb/mo of oils, greases, and hydraulic fluids are used throughout the plant. Of all lubricants used, an estimated 10% enters the environment as air pollution, 9% as water pollution, and 44% as solid waste.
"Pacific Environmental Services, Inc." "May 1978." "EPA/600-2-78-101." Includes bibliographical references. "Contract no. 68-02-1405, task no. 9, program element no. 1BB610."