The paper summarizes studies sponsored by the EPA to assess combustion practice that can be used to minimize trace organic emissions. Although the study was concerned primarily with defining good combustion practice that will minimize the emission of toxic congeners of dioxin and furans, the relationship of combustion conditions to furnace emission of other pollutants (e.g., particulates, heavy metals, NOx, CO, and other organics) was also considered. Recent advances in municipal waste combustion control techniques were defined by discussions with most of the major incinerator designers in the U.S. and Europe. Combustion control strategies to minimize organic emissions were then formulated using knowledge concerning the formation and destruction of organics and the best state-of-the-art engineering techniques for achieving good combustion. These strategies were developed for three types of combustion systems: mass burn, starved air, and refuse derived fuel.