Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Agricultural insecticide runoff effects on estuarine organisms : correlating laboratory and field toxicity testing with ecotoxicological biomonitoring /
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Scott, G.I.,
Moore, D. W.,
Fulton, M. H.,
Hampton, T. W.,
Chandler, G. T.,
Jackson, K. L.,
Baughman, D. S.,
Trim, A. H.,
Williams, L.,
Louden, C. J.,
Patterson, E.R.,
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Breeze Environmental Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA 600-X-88-270A; EPA 600-X-88-270B
OCLC Number 895272055
Subjects Pesticides--Toxicology ; Vegetables--Effect of pesticides on--South Carolina ; Environmental monitoring--South Carolina ; Estuarine animals--Toxicity testing--South Carolina
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-X-88-270A Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-X-88-270B Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
Collation 2 volumes : illustrations, maps, charts ; 28 cm
"Submitted to: Dr. James R. Clark"--Cover Includes bibliographical references (v. 2, pages 402-419).
Contents Notes
The acute toxicological hazards of most pollutants are determined by laboratory toxicity tests. Estimates of field impacts or environmental risk assessments are made using extrapolation from laboratory toxicity tests to determine environmentally safe concentrations. A second phase of testing may involve in situ or field toxicity testing. A third and final phase of research is biomonitoring or ecotoxicological studies which use various environmental monitoring techniques to assess impacts on field populations. The integration of these three approaches provides a mechanism for measuring field impacts and validating the accuracy of laboratory toxicity tests in predicting field impacts. The application of this approach to assess impacts from nonpoint source agricultural pesticide runoff from vegetable crops in coastal South Carolina was studied by: (1) conducting laboratory toxicity tests on the most sensitive and ecologically important species endemic to the study area, the grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio) and the estuarine mummichog fish (Fundulus heteroclitus); (2) conducting field toxicity tests using a variety of test species including grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio), mysid shrimp (Mysidopsis bahia), panaied shrimp (Panaeus aztecus or Penaeus setiferus). Sheepshead mennow (Cyprinodon variegatus) and the mummichop (Fundulus heteroclitus); and (3) bionomitoring (block-seining) of macropelagic fauna (>15mm) at sites where field toxicity tests were conducted.