Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Exposure to Lead in U.S. Drinking Water.
Author Levin, R. ; Schock, M. R. ; Marcus, A. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab. ;Battelle, Research Triangle Park, NC. Statistics and Data Analysis Systems.
Publisher c1991
Year Published 1991
Report Number EPA/600/D-91/055;
Stock Number PB91-182683
Additional Subjects Lead(Metal) ; Potable water ; Plumbing ; Pipes(Tubes) ; Hazards ; Exposure ; United States ; Information systems ; pH ; Reprints ;
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB91-182683 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 09/04/1991
Collation 28p
In the US, lead occurs primarily as a corrosion by-product in public drinking water supplies. That is, its source is the corrosive action of the water upon the materials used in the water distribution system and private plumbing. Historically, drinking water has not been a major source of lead exposure for most Americans. However, as other sources of lead exposure continue to decline in this country, particularly decreased airborne lead from reduced use of leaded gasoline and decreased dietary lead, the relative contribution of drinking water as an exposure source has increased. This has occurred simultaneously with increasing evidence that lead's health effects occur at lower exposure levels, levels previously thought to be 'safe'. There is, however, no single, available data base for assessing exposure to lead in drinking water. In the article, the authors use a variety of data sources to develop a profile of lead levels in US public drinking water supplies, providing some upper and lower bound estimates of likely exposures as well as identifying some risk factors.