Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Effects of Inhaled Hexachlorobenzene Aerosols on Rat Pulmonary Host Defenses.
Author Sherwood, R. L. ; Thomas, P. T. ; O'Shea, W. J. ; Bradof, J. N. ; Ratajczak, H. V. ;
CORP Author IIT Research Inst., Chicago, IL. Life Sciences Dept.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher c1989
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/600/J-89/238;
Stock Number PB90-143058
Additional Subjects Lung ; Toxicology ; Aerosols ; Chlorobenzenes ; Respiration ; Mice ; Rats ; Lymph nodes ; Reprints ; T lymphocytes ; B lymphocytes ; Macrophages ; Mitogens ; Phagocytosis
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB90-143058 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 13p
Pulmonary bactericidal activity, macrophage phagocytic activity, alveolar macrophage (AM) enzyme activity and T- and B-cell mitogenesis of lymphocytes from lung associated (LALN) or mesenteric lymph nodes (MESLN) were assessed in rats and/or mice exposed 4 hr/d, 4 days/wk for 1, 4 or 16 days to hexachlorobenzene (HCB) aerosols. Pulmonary bactericidal activity was depressed in rats following 1 or 4 but not 16 exposures to 35 mg/cu m HCB. Single 4-hr exposures of 25-45 mg/cu m HCB did not alter bactericidal activity in mice. Rat AM phagocytosis of (51)Cr-RBC in vitro was increased after 4 but not 1 or 16 exposures to HCB while no effect was observed in peritoneal macrophages. HCB significantly enhanced B-cell mitogenesis in MESLN following 4 exposures while LALN B-cell mitogenesis and LALN and MESLN T-cell mitogenesis were not affected. However, after 16 exposures the T-cell responses in LALN and MESLN were significantly increased and decreased, respectively. The studies show that inhalation of 35 mg/cu m HCB alters immunologic and pulmonary defenses of the rat. (Copyright (c) 1989 Princeton Scientific Publishing Co., Inc.)