Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Reduction of salt content of food processing liquid waste effluent /
Author Mercer, Walter A. ; Mercer, Walter Ashby, ; Merce, Walter A. ; Rall, Jack W.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Mercer, Walter Ashby,
Ralls, Jack W.
CORP Author National Canners Association. Western Research Laboratory.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Water Quality Office],
Year Published 1971
Report Number EPA-950/R-71-064; 12060 DXL 01/71; EPA-WQO-12060-DXL; 00409
Stock Number PB-203 963
OCLC Number 00212290
Subjects Canneries--Waste disposal. ; Saline water conversion--Ion exchange process.
Additional Subjects ( Food processing ; Industrial waste treatment) ; ( Water pollution ; Brines) ; ( Ion exchanging ; Industrial waste treatment) ; ( Water reclamation ; Industrial waste treatment) ; Sodium chloride ; Pilot plants ; Performance evaluation ; Cost estimates ; Ion exchange resins ; Regeneration(Engineering) ; Olive processing ; Water pollution control
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 950-R-71-064 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 11/25/2013
EJBD  EPA 950-R-71-064 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/14/2014
ELBD RPS EPA 12060-DXL-01-71 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/17/2014
ELBD  EPA 12060-DXL-01-71 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 12/18/2020
NTIS  PB-203 963 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation viii, 45 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm
Oliver processing brines containing 0.05 to 0.7% sodium chloride were passed through a mixed bed of cation and anion exchange resins in a process known as the Aqua-Ion process. Influent pH, salt content, and COD levels were the particular variables of interest investigated. Sodium chloride levels of 500 to 7000 ppm were subjected to random variations in pH and COD levels, with 94% removal being obtained at 2700 ppm, the optimum for the ranges investigated. Holding pH and COD constant, sodium chloride levels were varied between 600 and 6000 ppm, with resulting effluent concentrations of 150 ppm for influent concentrations of 600, 1000, and 2700 ppm. Influent concentration of 6000 ppm resulted in an effluent concentration of 790 ppm. Calcium hydroxide regeneration was used, with the regenerant being repeatedly cycled through the resin bed to establish the maximum salt concentration attainable in the regenerant effluent. Levels of 3000 ppm were obtained with no indication of leveling off. Pretreatment with activated carbon reduced distributor deposit formation, ennabling possible flow rates of 10,000 gpd. Cost analyses based on pilot plant information predicted a cost of 26 cents per 1000 gallons treated.
"January 1971." "12060 DXL 01/71." Includes bibliographical references (page 43).