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Main Title Future dredging quantities in the Great Lakes /
Author Raphael, C. Nicholas, |d 1937-. ; Jaworski, Eugene ; Ojala, Carl F. ; Turner., Daniel S.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Raphael, C. Nicholas,
CORP Author Eastern Michigan Univ., Ypsilanti. Dept. of Geography and Geology.;National Environmental Research Center, Grosse Ile, Mich. Grosse Ile Lab.
Publisher U.S. Environment Protection Agency, National Environmental Research Center, Office of Research and Development,
Year Published 1974
Report Number EPA-660/3-74-029; EPA-R-801062
Stock Number PB-240 741
OCLC Number 01246307
Subjects Dredging--Environmental aspects--Great Lakes (North America) ; Dredging spoil--Environmental aspects--Great Lakes (North America) ; Great Lakes (North America)--Environmental aspects
Additional Subjects Great Lakes ; Dredging ; Water pollution ; Sites ; Waste disposal ; Maintenance ; Spoil ; Policies ; History ; Economic factors ; Predictions ; Sedimentation ; Harbors
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 660-3-74-029 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 12/30/2014
EJBM  QP82.2.P6E2 1974, no.29 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 08/26/2013
ELBD RPS EPA 660-2-74-029 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/06/2020
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-3-74-029 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD RPS EPA 660-3-74-029 repository copy AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/17/2018
ELDD  EPA-660/3-74-029 CCTE/GLTED Library/Duluth,MN 08/13/1999
NTIS  PB-240 741 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xi, 219 pages : illustrations, tables, figures ; 28 cm
Based on historical records, an overview and projection of U.S. and Canadian dredging quantities in the Great Lakes are presented. Using current pollution criteria, future quantities of polluted maintenance dredging are estimated for each lake. Recent environmental policies have influenced dredging and particularly disposal practices. These policies, as well as sedimentation, lake levels, and economic factors are discussed in relation to dredging. During the next decade, maintenance and private dredging volumes will not change significantly, whereas new work will decrease. As in the past, most maintenance dredging will occur in U.S. projects, particularly in Lake Erie. A factor which will determine future U.S. maintenance dredging is the availability of confined disposal sites.
"December 1974." Includes bibliographical references (pages 215-218). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Grant No. Contract Number: R-801062, Program Element 1BA026, ROAP/Task No. 25ADX/03.
Contents Notes
Toward a more developed philosophy of scientific experimentation / Hans Radder -- The materiality of instruments in a metaphysics for experiments / Rom Harré -- Thing knowledge: outline of a materialist theory of knowledge / Davis Baird -- Physics, experiments, and the concept of nature / Peter Kroes -- Experimentation, causal inference, and instrumental realism / Jim Woodward -- Technology as basis and object of experimental practices / Rainer Lange -- Theory-ladenness and scientific instruments in experimentation / Michael Heidelberger -- Technology and theory in experimental science / Hans Radder -- The idols of experiment: transcending the "etc. list" / Giora Hon -- Models, simulation, and "computer experiments" / Evelyn Fox Keller -- Experiments without material intervention: model experiments, virtual experiments, and virtually experiments / Mary S. Morgan -- Designing instruments and the design of nature / Daniel Rothbart -- Varying the cognitive span: experimentation, visualization, and computation / David Gooding.