Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Effects of Phenol, 2,4-Dimethylphenol, 2,4-Dichlorophenol, and Pentachlorophenol on Embryo, Larval, and Early-Juvenile Fathead Minnows ('Pimephales promelas').
Author Holcombe, Gary W. ; Phipps, Gary L. ; Fiandt, James T. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, MN.
Year Published 1982
Report Number EPA-600/J-82-159;
Stock Number PB82-207887
Additional Subjects Toxicology ; Phenol ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Indicator species ; Embryos ; Larvae ; Stress(Physiology) ; Exposure ; Water pollution ; Survival ; Concentration(Composition) ; Phenols ; Reprints ; Phenol/dimethyl ; Fathead minnows ; Pimephales promelas ; Bioindicators ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Phenol/dichloro ; Phenol/pentachloro
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB82-207887 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 8p
Embryos of fathead minnows were more resistant to phenol, 2,4-dimethylphenol (2,4-DMP), 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP), and pentachlorophenol (PCP) than were larval or juvenile life stages. Growth of 28-day-old fish was the most sensitive indicator of stress during exposures to phenol, 2,4-DMP, and PCP, whereas survival was the most sensitive indicator of toxic effects from 2,4-DCP exposure. Based on these effects, the estimated maximum acceptable toxicant concentration for fathead minnows in Lake Superior water lies between 1,830 and 3,570 micrograms/L for phenol; 1,970 and 3,110 micrograms/L for 2,4-DMP; 290 and 460 micrograms/L for 2,4-DCP; and 44.9 and 73.0 micrograms/L for PCP.