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Main Title Water distribution system as a potential source of mutagens in drinking water /
Author Basu, D. K. ; Saxena, J. ; Stoss, F. W. ; Santodonato, J. ; Neal, M. W.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Basu, D. K.
CORP Author Syracuse Research Corp., NY. Center for Chemical Hazard Assessment.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher Health Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1984
Report Number EPA-600/1-84-019; SRC/TR-81/620; EPA-R-806413; PB85125474
Stock Number PB85-125474
OCLC Number 23938809
Subjects Water--Distribution ; Drinking water ; Water--Pollution--United States
Additional Subjects Distribution systems ; Water distribution ; Mutagens ; Potable water ; Water treatment ; Water pollution ; Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons ; Concentration(Composition) ; Sampling ; Chlorination ; Sources ; Tables(Data) ; Water pollution sampling ; Wheeling(West Virginia)
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-1-84-019 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 600-1-84-019 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 01/09/2009
NTIS  PB85-125474 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation ix, 195 p. ; 28 cm.
The primary objective of this study was to examine the changes in concentration of 6 PAHs and the possibility of changes in mutagenic potential of treated waters as a result of leaching during their passage through commonly used distribution pipes in the U.S. With the exception of Wheeling, WV treated water, which showed an unusually high total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration of 138.5 ppt, the total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration in all other treated water ranged from 0 to 13.4 ppt. The corresponding total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration in water after their passage through the distribution pipes varied fro m 0 to 61.6 ppt. This indicates a small increase of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentration in waters as a result of their passage through the asphalt-lined distribution pipes. Mutagenic activity was also detected in many of the water samples treated, however, the levels of this activity did not correlate with either the transit of water through the distribution system or the levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon in the water. There was some evidence to indicate that the water treatment process itself may have contributed to the mutagenicity observed in the finished water and that compounds responsible for the observed activity were different from the low molecular weight chlorinated compounds produced during chlorination.
Includes bibliographical references. "EPA-600/S1-84-019."