Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Chemical Market Input/Output Analysis of Selected Chemical Substances to Assess Sources of Environmental Contamination: Task II. Biphenyl and Diphenyl Oxide.
Author Meylan, William M. ; Howard., Philip H. ;
CORP Author Syracuse Research Corp., N.Y. Center for Chemical Hazard Assessment.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Toxic Substances.
Year Published 1976
Report Number TR-76-599; EPA-68-01-3224; EPA/560/6-77/003;
Stock Number PB-275 097
Additional Subjects Chemical industry ; Environmental surveys ; Biphenyl ; Industrial wastes ; Manufacturing ; Dyes ; Surfactants ; Soaps ; Fungicides ; Marketing ; Technology ; Economics ; Process charting ; Benzene ; Toluene ; Byproducts ; Phenols ; Management planning ; Bromine organic compounds ; Chlorine organic compounds ; Industrial hygiene ; Physical properties ; Phenyl ether ; Perfumes ; Heat transfer fluids ; Benzene/chloro ; Polychlorinated biphenyl ; Polybrominated biphenyl
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-275 097 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 120p
This report considers the sources of environmental contamination from biphenyl and diphenyl oxide. Biphenyl is manufactured in commercial quantities for use in dye carriers, heat transfer fluids, derivatives such as PCB's and alkylated biphenyls, and fruit fungicides. Diphenyl oxide is manufactured in commercial quantities for use in dye carriers, heat transfer fluids, derivatives such as butylchlorodiphenyl oxide, decabromodiphenyl oxide, surfactants, and perfumes and soaps. Thus, this report concentrates on the commercial production and use of biphenyl and diphenyl oxide. Standards established by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration have controlled the occupational exposure to biphenyl and diphenyl oxide; however, large quantities of these chemicals are released to the external environment, particularly to waste treatment facilities which may utilize chlorine disinfection. Laboratory studies indicate that the biphenyl nucleus can undergo chlorination to various chlorobiphenyl isomers during treatment chlorine disinfection.