Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Lung cancer/mortality in proximity to a pesticides plant
Author Matanoski, Genevieve M. ; Landau, Emanuel ; Tonascia, James ; Lazar, Christiana ; Elliott, Elizabeth A.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Matanoski, Genevieve M.
CORP Author American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Toxic Substances.
Publisher Office of Toxic Substances,
Year Published 1980
Report Number EPA 560/11-80-013; EPA-68-01-3859
Stock Number PB80-207376
OCLC Number 07792641
Subjects Pesticides--Toxicology--Statistics
Additional Subjects Arsenic ; Pesticides ; Toxicology ; Mortality ; Pulmonary neoplasms ; Exposure ; Epidemiology ; Maryland ; Insecticides ; Death ; Soil analysis ; Lung ; Respiratory system ; Baltimore(Maryland) ; Cancer ; Death certificates ; Toxic substances
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Local Library Info
Library Local Subject Local Note
EJE Neoplasms--Mortality--Statistics ; Pesticides--Adverse effects--Statistics
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJED  EPA 560/11-80-013 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 07/30/1999
NTIS  PB80-207376 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 01/01/1988
Collation 78 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
This interim report covers a study of excess mortality from cancer in the population residing near a chemical plant in Baltimore which had produced insecticides for 75 years. Cancer deaths were examined for a five and nine year period surrounding census years to determine not only the absolute mortality but the changing trends. Four index census tracts including the one containing the plant were selected based on the requirement that at least 50 percent of the area lay within a three-quarter mile radius of the plant. Comparison tracts were selected based on matching the index tracts by age, sex, and socio-economic status. Employee deaths were subtracted. The lung cancer death rate on an age adjusted basis had been found to be significantly higher in the census tract containing the plant. It had been rising rapidly since the mid-sixties. A study of the validation of hospital records and the pathology of cancer cases indicates that the excess risk of lung cancer represents a real risk in mortality and is not the result of local diagnostic and certification practices. A corollary study of soil arsenic indicated highest levels in the tract with increased lung cancer mortality. The pattern of high soil levels appeared to be related to rail transport of the arsenical material. Further research is required to determine whether other factors may play a role in the excess of lung cancer.