Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Subsurface biological activity in relation to ground water pollution /
Author Dunlap, William J.,
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
McNabb, James F.,
Publisher National Environmental Research Center, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, For sale by the the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Government Printing Office.
Year Published 1973
Report Number EPA-660/2-73-014
OCLC Number 00889019
Subjects Groundwater--Pollution ; Water--Purification--Biological treatment ; Microbial ecology ; Waste disposal in the ground ; Water, Underground--Pollution
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 660-2-73-014 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 04/25/2018
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 660-2-73-014 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 660/2-73-014 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 03/18/2013
Collation v, 60 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.
Prepared for National Environmental Research Center, Office of Research and Monitoring, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under project 21 AKQ-10, program element 1B1024. Tables: Representative porosity and permeability ranges for selected sedimentary rocks -- Content of organic carbon in representative ground waters -- Depth of penetraton of a bacterial tracer (Serratia marcescens) from drilling muds into drill cores -- Representative reports of organisms isolated from subsurface rocks and waters -- Comparison of the average bacterial and chemical composition of three different zones within oil-bearing aquifers -- Some results of bacteriological and chemical investigations of the ground waters of an oil-bearing aquifer in South Texas. Includes bibliographical references (pages 51-60).
Contents Notes
Biological activity occurring in subsurface regions below the soil zone may be of considerable importance in determining the fate and effect of pollutants in ground water, but this possibility has received little previous attention. This paper comprises a discussion of subsurface biological activity in regard to ground-water pollution as reflected by available literature references. The subsurface environment is discussed in terms of factors likely to be of greatest significance in regard to the development of biological systems, and previous investigations of subsurface microbial activity are reviewed. Available information indicates the presence in the upper continental crust of the earth of numerous regions, particularly those of sedimentary origin, which are probably suitable habitats for many microbial species. Previous investigations of subsurface microbial activity clearly show the presence of diverse microbial populations in many subsurface regions below the soil zone. Hence, microbial activity appears both possible and probable in most subsurface regions of importance in regard to ground water. Further elucidation of the extent and nature of microbial activity in subsurface regions is needed in developing methods for predicting the impact on ground-water quality of pollutants released into the earth's crust. Conclustions -- Recommendations -- Introduction -- The subsurface as a biological habitat -- Investigations pertaining to subsurface biological activity -- References.