||On-Site GC/MS Analysis of Chapman Gasification Separator Liquor.
Thielen, C. J. ;
Magee, R. A. ;
Collins, R. V. ;
||Radian Corp., Austin, TX.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Water analysis ;
Coal gasification ;
Chemical analysis ;
Gas chromatography ;
Mass spectroscopy ;
Aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons ;
Water pollution detection
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The report gives results of a characterization of a wastewater stream from a coal gasification plant, using on-site extraction and GC/MS analysis. Extractable material in the wastewater was primarily phenols and alkylphenols, accounting for about 99% of the total mass identified. Several polynuclear aromatic compounds were also identified. The composition of the sample deteriorated even though the water was held in amber bottles at 4C: this was most evident in the concentration of dimethylphenols which dropped about 75% during 2 weeks of refrigerated storage. Ambient sample storage produced a greater decrease in the concentration of phenol, but did not appear to affect the alkylphenols or the base/neutral compounds as much. The observed changes in composition should hamper any off-site wastewater treatbility studies with waters of this type. Diisopropyl ether (DIPE) extraction confirmed the 99-plus % removal efficiency of phenol which had been demonstrated in previous studies. Wet oxidation removed organics almost as efficiently as DIPE extraction, but may have limited use because of its high operating cost.