Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Environmental impacts of virgin and recycled steel and aluminum.
Author Ziegler, R. C. ; Yaksich, S. M. ; Leonard, R. P. ; VanLier., M.
CORP Author Calspan Corp., Buffalo, N.Y.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Solid Waste Management Programs.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA/530/SW-117C; CALSPAN-NC-5284-M-1; EPA-68-01-0794
Stock Number PB-253 487
Additional Subjects Aluminum industry ; Iron and steel industry ; Natural resources ; Solid waste disposal ; Metal scrap ; Environmental impacts ; Economic analysis ; Transportation ; Manufacturing ; Pollution ; Fuel consumption ; Electric power consumption ; Containers ; Mining ; Waste recycling ; Metal recycling ; Secondary materials industry ; Air pollution control ; Water pollution control
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-253 487 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation x, 114 pages : charts ; 28 cm
This study has analyzed the environmental impacts which result from the production of selected products which use virgin materials and various amounts of recycled ferrous metals and aluminum. Determinations were made of the material, water, and energy requirements of all stages of virgin and waste materials acquisition, transportation and processing, as well as secondary effects such as energy use. Also determined were the outputs at each stage including solid, airborne, and waterborne waste that are generated, assuming EPA Air Standards for FY 1975 and Water Standards for FY 1977. The virgin and waste materials systems were analyzed up to the processing point at which materials are comparable. Estimates were also made of the dollar costs to industry to meet 1975 Air Standards and 1977 Water Standards. Nine systems which produce carbon steel from virgin materials and/or obsolete scrap were examined. The environmental impact analysis for these systems showed that steel production from virgin materials had the highest environmental impacts of these systems. In addition, six systems which produce aluminum from virgin materials or obsolete scrap were examined.
References included. Microfiche.