||Response of the Phoxocephalid Amphipod, 'Rhepoxynius abronius', to a Small Oil Spill in Yaquina Bay, Oregon.
Kemp, P. F. ;
Swartz, R. C. ;
Lamberson, J. O. ;
||Environmental Research Lab.-Narragansett, Newport, OR. Mark O. Hatfield Marine Science Center. ;Oregon State Univ., Newport. Hatfield Marine Science Center.
Water pollution ;
Crude oil ;
||Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy.
A spill of approximately 284,000 liters of Bunker C and diesel fuel oils occurred at the entrance of Yaquina Bay, Oregon, following the wreck of the freighter Blue Magpie on 19 November 1983. A portion of the oil entered the lower estuary and was deposited on subtidal benthic habitats occupied by the phoxocephalid amphipod Rhepoxynius abronius. The species is particularly sensitive to contaminants in sediment and its life history had previously been studied at the same sites affected by the spill. The oil was initially present as small, sand-coated globules at the study site, and persisted in association with detritus and sediment for months. Bioassays with Rhepoxynius abronius showed that the oil globules were not acutely toxic unless mixed into the sediment at concentrations of 1.0 parts per thousand or greater. A series of 10-d bioassays before and after the spill showed that sediment collected from oiled subtidal sites did not become acutely toxic to the species.