Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Extraction of Phenol and Its Metabolites from Aqueous Solution.
Author Jones, L. A. ; Prabel, J. B. ; Glennon, J. J. ; Copeland, M. F. ; Kavlock, R. J. ;
CORP Author North Carolina State Univ. at Raleigh. Dept. of Chemistry.;Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. Developmental Toxicology Div.
Publisher c1993
Year Published 1993
Report Number EPA/600/J-93/334;
Stock Number PB93-229524
Additional Subjects Phenols ; Extraction ; Aqueous solutions ; Biological effects ; Analytic techniques ; Pharmacokinetics ; Salting-out agents ; Laboratory animals ; Chemical analysis ; Toxicology ; Environmental effects ; Tetrahydrofuran ; Acetonitrile ; Metabolism ; Biochemistry ; Reprints ; Formamide/dimethyl ; Acetic acid/(ethyl-ester) ; Ether/diethyl
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB93-229524 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 9p
As part of an ongoing pharmacokinetic investigation of the teratogenicity of phenol and its metabolites (1,2-, 1,3-, and 1,4-dihydroxybenzene) in pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats, there was need of an analytical procedure sufficiently sensitive to provide quantitative data to the parts-per-billion level or better in urine, plasma, and fetal tissue. In the development of an extraction method utilizing the 'salting out' technique, the extraction efficiencies of phenol, catechol, resorcinol, and hydroquinone from aqueous solutions were determined for tetrahydrofuran (THF), acetonitrile (ACN), dimethylformamide (DMF), ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and diethyl ether (Et2O). The inorganic salts of potassium fluoride (anhydrous), sodium chloride, lithium chloride, ammonium acetate, and sodium bicarbonate were used to saturate the solvent/water combinations. Phase separations were not observed for THF/LiCl, NaHCO3; ACN/NaHCO3; and DMF/NaCl, LiCl, NH4OAc, NaHCO3, whereas ACN/KF produced quinone while DMF/KF yielded no hydroquinone in non-acidified solutions. Essentially all other solvent/salt combinations gave quantitative recoveries, while KF was found to be an efficient drying agent.