Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title At-sea incineration of herbicide orange onboard the M/T Vulcanus /
Author Ackerman, D. ; Fisher, H. ; Johnson, R. ; Maddalone, R. ; Matthews., B.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Ackerman, D. G.
CORP Author Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory (Research Triangle Park, N.C.)
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; For sale by the National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/2-78-086; 68-01-2966; EPA-68-01-2966
Stock Number PB-281 690
OCLC Number 04769707
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Waste disposal in the ocean ; Herbicides ; Refuse Disposal ; Oceans and Seas
Additional Subjects Herbicides ; Air pollution control ; Incinerators ; Carbon monoxide ; Carbon dioxide ; Tanker ships ; Tests ; Combustion products ; Personnel ; Public health ; Safety ; Sampling ; Gas analysis ; Chemical analysis ; Orange herbicide ; Vulcanus vessel ; Air pollution detection
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EHAM  TD796EPA-600-2-78-086 Region 1 Library/Boston,MA 04/29/2016
EJBD  EPA 600-2-78-086 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 02/26/2018
EKBD  EPA-600/2-78-086 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 06/27/2003
EKCD  EPA-600/2-78-086 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 05/29/2018
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-78-086 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ESAD  EPA 600-2-78-086 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-281 690 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation x, 263 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
The report describes the at-sea incineration of three shiploads (approximately 10,400 metric tons) of U.S. Air Force-owned Herbicide Orange onboard the incinerator ship M/T Vulcanus, within an EPA-designated Pacific Ocean burn zone, west of Johnston Atoll. The first shipload, transported to the burn zone from the U.S. Naval Construction Battalion Base, Gulfport, Mississippi, was incinerated under EPA research permit. Shiploads 2 and 3 were taken onboard M/T Vulcanus at Johnston Island and incinerated under EPA special permit. The incineration was monitored, sampled, and analyzed to ensure compliance with EPA permit operating and safety conditions related to at-sea operations. An EPA representative was onboard M/T Vulcanus during the initial burn. A U.S. Air Force representative participated in monitoring all three burns. Monitoring utilized on-line instrumentation to measure CO and CO2, oxygen concentration, and total hydrocarbons from both incinerators. These parameters served as a measure of overall combustion efficiency with primary emphasis on the CO2/CO ratio in the effluent gases. Combustion efficiency exceeded 99.9% during all three burns. Destruction and combustion efficiencies measured during all burns met or exceeded requirements. All other conditions of the permits related to at-sea incineration operations were met.
Prepared for U.S. Air Force, OEHL/EC, Brooks Air Force Base, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development. Contract no. 68-01-2966, program element no. 1AB604. Apr. 1978. Includes bibliographical references.