Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Long-Term Toxic Effects of DDT Food and Water Exposure on Fathead Minnows 'Pimephales promelas'.
Author Jarvinen, A. W. ; Hoffman, M. J. ; Thorslund., T. W. ;
CORP Author Environmental Research Lab.-Duluth, Minn.
Year Published 1977
Report Number EPA/600/J-77/117;
Stock Number PB-284 801
Additional Subjects Minnows ; Fishes ; Toxicology ; DDT ; Pesticides ; Exposure ; Diets ; Concentration(Composition) ; Tissues(Biology) ; Residues ; Bioassay ; Experimental data ; Fresh water fishes ; Embryos ; Larvae ; Food ; Clams ; Food chains ; Carbon 14 ; Fathead minnow ; Pimephales promelas ; Toxic substances ; Water pollution effects(Animals) ; Pesticide residues ; Bioaccumulation
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB-284 801 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 06/23/1988
Collation 16p
Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) were exposed during a partial chronic toxicity test to two DDT concentrations in the water, one in the diet, and combinations of water and diet for 266 days through a reproductive period of their life cycle. Tissue residue analyses were performed at preset intervals throughout the exposure and also on embryos, larvae at hatch, and 30- and 60-day progeny. The contribution of DDT from each source was monitored with gas chromatography and liquid-scintillation techniques. The fish were fed a diet of clams that had accumulated 14C-DDT when exposed at a DDT water concentration similar to that in the high fish exposure. Higher total DDT tissue residues were accumulated from the water than diet. Residues contributed by dietary DDT were additive to those from the water. Mean concentration factors were 1.2 for the diet and 100,000 for the water. Fish exposed to DDT in both water and diet had higher mortality rates than those exposed to only one or the other of these sources. DDT in the diet significantly reduced the probability of survival of the test fish (P = 0.025).