Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Fired heaters : nitrogen oxides emissions and controls /
Author Shareef, S. A. ; Anderson, C. L. ; Keller, L. E.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Jamgochian, Carol L.
Keller, Lawrence E.
CORP Author Radian Corp., Research Triangle Park, NC.;Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air and Energy Engineering Research Lab.
Publisher U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory,
Year Published 1988
Report Number EPA/600/7-88/015; DCN-88-239-004-13-01; EPA-68-02-3994; EPA-68-02-4286
Stock Number PB88-245741
Subjects Heating--Equipment and supplies. ; Nitrogen oxides--Environmental aspects.
Additional Subjects Nitrogen oxides ; Heating equipment ; Air pollution control equipment ; Exhaust gases ; Atmosphere contamination control ; Heating fuels ; Petroleum refining ; Chemical industry ; Industrial atmospheres ; Heaters ; Emission factors ; Stationary sources
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB88-245741 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 155 pages ; 28 cm
The report gives results of a study of nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from, and controls for, fired heaters. The petroleum refining and chemical manufacturing industries account for most of fired-heater energy use with an estimated 4600 fired heaters in operation, in these two industries. The report gives a brief description of the design and operation of fired heaters. Descriptions of the two major industries with fired heaters and the various heater applications are presented. An estimate is made of the growth in fired heater energy demand and the number of new fired heaters to be built in the next 5 years in these industries. The factors affecting NOx emissions from fired heaters are discussed, and quantitative relationships are presented, where available. Combustion modifications and flue gas treatment controls for NOx emissions are described. Low excess air (LEA) operation and low-NOx burners are discussed in detail. Long-term continuous NOx emissions data for 12 petroleum refinery heaters are presented. Results of a regression model to predict the effect of stack oxygen level on NOx emissions are used to evaluate LEA performance. The study also presents capital and annualized costs for LEA and low-NOx burner controls.