Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title U.S. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)-Sponsored Epidemiological Studies of Health Effects Associated with the Treatment and Disposal of Wastewater and Sewage Sludge.
Author Jakubowski, W. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC.
Year Published 1985
Report Number EPA/600/D-85/092;
Stock Number PB85-218824
Additional Subjects Aerosols ; Sewage treatment ; Sludge disposal ; Epidemiology ; Industrial medicine ; Water pollution ; Public health ; Hazardous materials ; Activated sludge process ; Farm crops ; Composts ; Risk ; Microorganisms ; Air pollution ; Potable water ; Viruses ; Maintenance ; Irrigation ; Populations ; Sewage sludge ; Occupational safety and health ; Toxic substances
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB85-218824 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 18p
Since 1975 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has sponsored 11 epidemiological studies of the potential health effects associated with the treatment and disposal of sewage and sewage sludge. Three of these have been occupational exposure studies: One of sewage treatment plant employees, one of irrigation workers, and one of sludge composting workers. Four studies have involved populations living in the vicinity of activated sludge sewage treatment plants. Three studies concerned land application of wastewater for agricultural purposes, and the final study was of farm families utilizing digested sewage sludge on cropland. The design, results, interpretations, conclusions and costs of these studies are reviewed and discussed. Final analyses on two of the studies have not yet been completed. The preponderance of data was negative, but this has to be viewed with respect to the inherent problems in quantifying exposure of the involved populations and the absence of a clear end point for measuring an effect.