||Riparian Vegetation and Channel Morphology Impact on Spatial Patterns of Water Quality in Agricultural Watersheds.
Schlosser, Isaac J. ;
Karr, James R. ;
||Illinois Univ. at Urbana-Champaign. Dept. of Ecology, Ethology and Evolution.;Corvallis Environmental Research Lab., OR.
Water pollution ;
Soil erosion ;
Mathematical models ;
Agricultural watersheds ;
Suspended solids ;
Water pollution sources
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A model based on the KLS factors of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) accurately predicted temporal dynamics and relative peak levels of suspended solids, turbidity, and phosphorus in an agricultural watershed with well-protected streambanks and cultivation to the stream edge. Fine suspended solids derived from surface runoff appeared to be a major component of the suspended solids in this stream. The model did not predict the same parameters in a watershed with unstable channel substrates, exposed streambanks and heterogeneity in riparian vegetation and channel morphology.