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Main Title Omaha Soil Mixing Study: Redistribution of Lead in Remediated Residential Soils Due to Excavation or Homeowner Disturbance. Omaha Lead Superfund Site, Omaha, Nebraska Engineering Technical.
Author Luxton, T. P. ; Miller, B. W. ; Holder, E. ; Voit, J.
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. National Risk Management Research Lab.
Year Published 2015
Report Number EPA/600/R-15/054
Stock Number PB2016-102932
Additional Subjects Soil mixing ; Lead contaminated soil ; Residentail areas ; Superfund site ; Redistribution functions ; Remediation action ; Study sites ; Soil sampling ; Omaha Lead Superfund Site
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB2016-102932 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 61p
Urban soils within the Omaha Lead Superfund (OLS) Site have been contaminated with lead (Pb) from atmospheric deposition of particulate materials from lead smelting and recycling activities. In May of 2009 the Final Record of Decision stated that any residential soil exceeding the preliminary remediation goal (PRG; 400 mgPb kg-1soil) would be excavated, backfilled and re-vegetated. The remedial action entailed excavating contaminated soil in the top 12 inches and excavation could stop when the concentration of soil Pb was less than 400 mg kg-1 in the top 12 inches, or less than 1200 mg kg-1 at depths greater than 1 ft. After removal of the contaminated soil, clean backfill was applied and a grass lawn was replanted. A depth of 12 inches was based on the assumption that Pb-contaminated soil at depth greater than 1 ft would not represent a future risk (ASTDR Health Consult, 2004). This assumption was based on the principal that mixing and other factors encountered during normal excavation practices would not result in Pb surface concentrations greater than the PRG. The goal of the current study was to investigate the redistribution of Pb in remediated residential surface soils after typical homeowner earth-disturbing activities in the OLS Site. Of specific interest to the region for protection of human health is determining whether soil mixing associated with normal homeowner excavation practices results in surface Pb concentrations greater than the preliminary remediation goal (PRG) (400 mgPb kg-1soil). Results from the 18 properties investigated indicate that when the concentration of Pb was less than 1200 mgPb kg-1soil below 12 inches, the surface concentration of Pb remained below 400 mgPb kg -1soil.