Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Mutagenic Screening of Three Dyes for Marker Grenades in the Salmonella Reversion Assay and the L5178Y/TK+/-Mouse Lymphoma Assay.
Author Moore, M. M. ; Claxton, L. ; Houk, V. ; Nelson, G. M. ; Harrington-Brock, K. ;
CORP Author Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC.
Publisher 31 Jun 89
Year Published 1989
Stock Number AD-A212 965/8
Additional Subjects Assaying ; Dyes ; Engineering ; Genetics ; Smoke munitions ; Mutagens ; Grenades ; Hazards ; Health ; In vitro analysis ; Industries ; Lymphomas ; Markers ; Mice ; Organic compounds ; Setting(Adjusting) ; Toxicity ; Mutagenicity tests ; Salmonella typhimurium ; Metabolic activation
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  AD-A212 965/8 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 49p
Dyes are used by the military in M18 marker signaling grenades. A number of organic dyes are presently being evaluated for potential use in these grenades. In addition to engineering studies for their performance in the field, the U.S. Army is concerned with evaluating any potential health hazards that might result from personal contact with the dyes in the industrial setting. A part of this testing is the analysis of potential genetic toxicity. Three dyes (Solvent Red 1, Disperse Blue 3, and Disperse Red 11) were tested for mutagenicity in the Salmonella reversion assay and the L5178Y/TK+/- mouse lymphoma assay. These in vitro assays were performed both with and without exogenous activation provided by Aroclor-induced rat liver S9. In the Salmonella assay, Solvent Red 1 was positive with S9 activation in strain TA100 and negative to questionably positive in the other strains and activation conditions. Disperse Blue 3 was positive with S9 activation in strain TA1537 and negative to questionably positive under the other test conditions. Disperse Red 11 was positive with S9 activation in strain TA102, but negative to weakly positive with the other strains and activation conditions. Both Disperse Blue 3 and Disperse Red 11 were positive both with and without S9 activation in the mouse lymphoma assay. Disperse Red 1 could not be tested without activation. WIth S9 activation, it was weakly positive. Keywords: Toxicity; Health hazards. (KT)