Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Methods for ecological toxicology : a critical review of laboratory multispecies tests /
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Hammons, Anna S.
Giddings, J. M.
Suter, Glenn W.
Barnthouse, L. W.
Giddings, J. M. (Jeffrey M.)
Barnthouse, L. W. (Lawrence W.)
Publisher Office of Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ; Available from National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1981
Report Number ORNL-5708; EPA-560/11-80-026; W-7405-ENG-26
Stock Number ORNL-5708
OCLC Number 22044785
Subjects Toxicity testing
Additional Subjects Toxic materials ; Algae ; Animals ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Aquatic organisms ; Bibliographies ; Chemical analysis ; Data compilation ; Environmental impacts ; Fishes ; Mathematical models ; Metabolism ; Monitoring ; Plants ; Recommendations ; Research programs ; Screening ; Terrestrial ecosystems ; Toxicity ; Zooplankton ; ERDA/560300 ; ERDA/520200 ; ERDA/510200
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJED  EPA-560/11-80-026 OCSPP Chemical Library/Washington,DC 10/28/1994
EKBD  EPA-560/11-80-026 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 05/30/2003
EKCD  EPA-560/11-80-026 CEMM/GEMMD Library/Gulf Breeze,FL 05/29/2018
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 560-11-80-026 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ERAD  EPA 560/11-80-026 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/04/2012
NTIS  ORNL-5708 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation xiii, 307 pages ; 28 cm
An evaluation is presented of selected laboratory methods for measuring ecological effects, and tests considered most suitable for research and development are recommended for use in predicting the effects of chemical substances on interspecific interactions and ecosystem properties. The role of mathematical models in chemical hazard assessment is also discussed. About 450 references are cited. A bibliography of more than 700 references is provided. The Office of Toxic Substances, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for implementing the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). TSCA, promulgated in 1976, is comprehensive legislation designed to broadly protect human health and the environment from unreasonable risks resulting from the manufacture, processing, distribution, use, and disposal of a chemical substance. Under TSCA, EPA is responsible for identifying and prescribing test standards to be used in developing the data necessary to predict the risks associated with chemical releases into the environment. To aid EPA in this endeavor, laboratory methods for measuring the effects of chemical substances on aquatic and terrestrial interspecific interactions and ecosystem processes were reviewed and evaluated for their potential for standardization for use in environmental hazard and risk assessment processes. The criteria used for these evaluations include whether or not the tests are:rapid, reproducible, relatively inexpensive, unequivocal, sensitive, socially relevant, predictive, generalizable, and well-developed. (ERA citation 06:014870)
At head of title: "Contract No. W-7405-eng-26." Includes bibliographical references (pages 189-307) and index. Prepared by Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Interagency Agreement No. 78-D-X0387.
Contents Notes
Introduction -- Conclusions and recommendations -- Laboratory tests for chemical effects on aquatic population interactions and ecosystem properties / J.M. Giddings -- Laboratory tests for chemical effects on terrestrial population interactions and ecosystem properties / G.W. Suter, II -- Mathematical models useful in chemical hazard assessment / L.W. Barnthouse.