Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


OLS Field Name OLS Field Data
Main Title Passive Smoking on Commercial Airline Flights.
Author Mattson, M. E. ; Greenblatt, J. ; Haley, N. J. ; Hammond, S. K. ; Lewtas, J. ;
CORP Author Health Effects Research Lab., Research Triangle Park, NC. ;National Cancer Inst., Bethesda, MD. ;Prospect Associates, Inc., Rockville, MD. ;American Health Foundation, Inc., Valhalla, NY. ;Massachusetts Univ. Medical School, Worcester.
Publisher c1989
Year Published 1989
Report Number EPA/600/J-89/547;
Stock Number PB91-242503
Additional Subjects Tobacco smoke pollution ; Commercial aircraft ; Indoor air pollution ; Nicotine ; Cotinine ; Urinalysis ; Exposure ; Signs and sumptoms ; Reprints ; Environmental tobacco smoke
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB91-242503 Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. 11/26/1991
Collation 8p
In flight exposure to nicotine, urinary cotinine and symptom self-reports were assessed in a study of 9 subjects (5 passengers and 4 attendants) on four routine commercial flights each of approximately 4 hours duration. Urine samples were collected for 72 hours following each flight. Exposures to nicotine measured during the flights using personal exposure monitors were found to be highly variable, with some nonsmoking areas attaining levels comparable to those in smoking sections. Attendants assigned to work in nonsmoking areas were not protected from smoke exposure. The type of aircraft ventilation was important in determining the levels of inflight nicotine exposure. The environmental tobacco smoke levels that occurred produced measurable levels of cotinine (a major metabolite of nicotine) in the urine of passengers and attendants. Passengers who experienced the greatest smoke exposure had the highest levels of urinary cotinine. Changes in eye and nose symptoms between the beginning and end of the flights were significantly related both to nicotine exposure during the flight and to the subsequent urinary excretion of cotinine. In addition, subjects' perceptions of annoyance and smokiness in the airplane cabin were also related to inflight nicotine exposure and urinary excretion measures.