Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Water reuse in a paper reprocessing plant /
Author Streebin, Leale E. ; Reid, George W. ; Law, Paul ; Hogan., Charles
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Streebin, Leale E.
CORP Author Big Chief Roofing Co., Ardmore, Okla. ;Oklahoma Univ., Norman. School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science.;Industrial Environmental Research Lab.-Cincinnati, Corvallis, Oreg. Food and Wood Products Branch.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory ; National Technical Information Service,
Year Published 1976
Report Number EPA 600/2-76-232; EPA-S-801206
Stock Number 22161
OCLC Number 02897641
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Water reuse--Costs ; Waste paper--Recycling--Oklahoma--Ardmore--Costs
Additional Subjects Paper industry ; Materials recovery ; Water pollution control ; By-products ; Industrial wastes ; Cost estimates ; Circulation ; Performance evaluation ; Process charting ; Manufacturing ; Microorganism control(Water) ; Corrosion ; Economic analysis ; Slime ; Foams ; Water reuse ; Solid waste disposal ; Liquid waste disposal ; Waste recycling
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-2-76-232 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 01/11/2011
EJBD  EPA 600-2-76-232 c.1 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 09/26/2012
ERAD  EPA 600/2-76-232 Region 9 Library/San Francisco,CA 09/17/2012
ESAD  EPA 600-2-76-232 Region 10 Library/Seattle,WA 03/23/2010
NTIS  PB-265 232 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation vii, 85 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
This project was undertaken to determine the feasibility of water reuse in a paper reprocessing plant with the goal being to 'close the loop' or to demonstrate zero discharge technology. Before the project began, Big Chief Roofing Company at Ardmore, OK, was discharging 7.89 1/sec (125 gpm). Normal operation is now zero discharge with approximately 0.76 1/sec (12 gpm) fresh water make-up replacing evaporative losses. However, weekly clean-ups still result in an effluent of approximately 15.14 cu m (4000 gal) a week. Additional clear water storage capacity could eliminate this weekly discharge. Project scope included identifying and solving problems resulting from increased recycle of process water, and determining costs, benefits, and effect on product quality. The favorable cost/benefit ratio experienced at the plant demonstrated an economic advantage of in-plant control over end-of-pipe treatment. Attaining zero discharge operation has the further benefit of eliminating the problems, cost, and liabilities associated with operation under a discharge permit. Economic benefits observed during zero discharge operation included reduced water supply costs, reduced wastewater treatment costs, improved yield, improved drainage and greater dryer section production. The benefits were partially offset by shorter felt lives, increased corrosion control cost, and process modification cost. No degradation of product quality was observed.
Prepared by School of Civil Engineering & Environmental Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman Okla., and Big Chief Roofing Company, Ardmore, Okla., under grant S-801206. Includes appendices. Includes bibliographical references (p. 67-71).