Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Location of Leaks in Pressurized Petroleum Pipelines by Means of Passive-Acoustic Sensing Methods.
Author Eckert, E. G. ; Maresca, J. W. ; Hillger, R. W. ; Jezzi, J. J. ;
CORP Author CDM Federal Programs Corp., Fairfax, VA.;Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH. Risk Reduction Engineering Lab.
Publisher 1992
Year Published 1992
Report Number EPA-68-03-3409; EPA/600/A-93/095;
Stock Number PB93-185783
Additional Subjects Storage tanks ; Petroleum pipelines ; Leakage ; Acoustic detectors ; Underground storage ; Passive sonar ; Flow rate ; Pressure sensor ; Emissions ; Sound transmission ;
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
NTIS  PB93-185783 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 19p
Experiments were conducted on the underground pipeline at the EPA's UST Test Apparatus in which three acoustic sensors separated by a maximum distance of 38 m (125 ft) were used to monitor signals produced by 11.4-, 5.7-, and 3.8-L/h (3.0-, 1.5-, and 1.0-gal/h) leaks in the wall of a 5-cm-diameter pressurized petroleum pipeline. The range of line pressures and hole diameters used in the experiments were 70 to 140 kPa (10 to 20 psi), and 0.4 to 0.7 mm (0.015 to 0.030 in.), respectively. Application of a leak location algorithm based upon the technique of coherence function analysis resulted in mean differences of approximately 10 cm between predicted and actual leak locations. Standard deviations of the location estimates were approximately 30 cm. Spectra computed from leak-on and leak-off time series indicate that the majority of acoustic energy received in the far field of the leak is concentrated in a frequency band from 1 to 4 kHz. The strength of the signal within this band was found to be proportional to the leak flow rate and line pressure.