Record Display for the EPA National Library Catalog


Main Title Critical review of estimating benefits of air and water pollution control /
Author Hershaft, Alex, ; Freeman III, A. M. ; Crocker, T. D. ; Stevens., J. B.
Other Authors
Author Title of a Work
Freeman, A. Myrick,
Crocker, T. D.,
Stevens, J. B.,
CORP Author Environ Control, Inc., Rockville, Md.;Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. Office of Research and Development.
Publisher Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Health and Ecological Effects, Office of Research and Development,
Year Published 1978
Report Number EPA-600/5-78-014; EPA-68-01-2821
Stock Number PB-285 555
OCLC Number 04186635
ISBN pbk.
Subjects Air--Pollution--United States ; Pollution control equipment--United States ; Water--Pollution--United States
Additional Subjects Air pollution control ; Water pollution control ; Management planning ; Reviews ; Benefit cost analysis ; Forecasting ; Assessments ; Ecology ; Decision making ; National government ; Scientific research ; Values ; Cost estimates ; Economic analysis ; Public health ; State of the art ; Air quality ; Water quality
Internet Access
Description Access URL
Library Call Number Additional Info Location Last
EJBD  EPA 600-5-78-014 Headquarters Library/Washington,DC 05/05/2014
EKBD  EPA-600/5-78-014 Research Triangle Park Library/RTP, NC 10/02/2003
ELBD ARCHIVE EPA 600-5-78-014 Received from HQ AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 10/04/2023
ELBD  EPA 600-5-78-014 AWBERC Library/Cincinnati,OH 04/25/1998
NTIS  PB-285 555 Some EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. 07/26/2022
Collation 1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations ; 28 cm
This report provides a critical review of the current state-of-the-art and future prospects of estimating benefits of air and water pollution control. This report represents three independent critiques by three experts of benefit assessment methodologies. Specific aspects discussed include the nature and role of benefits, damage functions, valuation of effects, aggregation of results, and representation of uncertainties. The conceptual foundations of estimating pollution control benefits were presented and compared with empirical studies. It was concluded that while available estimates often do not adequately reflect the state-of-the-art, estimates of pollution control benefits would potentially be very useful to decision makers. The conceptual basis provided by economic theory for benefit estimation is adequate in most respects and far ahead of the corresponding empirical effort. A number of studies are guilty of failing to list explicitly critical assumptions or to express adequately uncertainty in the results while other studies have employed conceptual models that are inappropriate to the problem at hand or the available data. Damage functions underlying benefit estimates are frequently based on insufficient data and/or inadequate characterization of exposure and effects. National benefit estimates were found to be based on regional studies which are frequently inadequate in number and/or quality.
"June 1978." "Contract No. 68-01-2821." "Project Officer Thomas E. Waddell." Includes bibliographical references.